Nowadays, there are many options available for those couples who have experienced fertility issues and who are desperate to conceive. Whether the couple wishes to increase their existing family unit, to have a second attempt following a failed IVF cycle or, to avoid ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), all options must be considered. Depending on their unique circumstances, one option may be to consider frozen embryo (FET) IVF treatment. Where embryos have been frozen in a previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle, they can be thawed ready and providing they are quality embryos, this can certainly have an influence on the survival rate.
It is important to ensure an optimal environment for implantation. In other words, the mother’s health is paramount. But great care must be taken of the frozen embryos. Using frozen embryos can be beneficial in that any risk of aneuploidy (where abnormal numbers of chromosomes exist in a cell) is reduced but for any woman of a more mature age, there are still health risks to consider. The risk of fibroids, diabetes, and high blood pressure can be detrimental to the cycle. There is, therefore, a risk of miscarriage and so, it is wise to not wait too long before using any frozen embryos.
All aspects of health must be considered before any transfer as it is vital to the success of any frozen embryo transfer. Rifaat Salem Md as a leading endocrinologist based at the Pacific Reproductive Center for 25-years will discuss the process in full with the parents-to-be, guiding them along the route, making suggestions to improve the chances of success. There is a great emphasis on ensuring the patient has optimum health and that a suitable environment is ready prior to transfer. Vitamin supplements including folic acid are encouraged along with a reduction of any alcohol consumption. Smoking is also discouraged. Holistic approaches to the woman’s health are also offered with stress-reduction techniques, fertility diet and nutrition and exercise planning. The whole process is treated with compassion.
It is of the utmost importance to seek out the guidance of a professional who has years of experience in this field as this will offer maximum success potential. Also, the doctor will provide a realistic assessment of the quality of the frozen embryos. Those embryos frozen with vitrification will have less ice crystal formation and so, these will be less likely to develop cell rupture which can occur during the thawing process. Rifaat Salem MD will also check for possible thyroid disease and to ensure hormone levels are satisfactory. There will also be an assessment of the uterine cavity to ensure that it is possible for the embryo to attach. Any concerns about the process or risks of chromosomal abnormalities should be discussed and can be checked through preimplantation genetic screening (PGS). It’s important to discuss and understand how the whole process works and how age and diagnosis can influence success rates so for peace of mind, choose the right professional who is able to ensure the route to transfer is as streamlined and successful as possible.